Harris Foot and Ankle Institute - Causes of Foot Pain - Lewisville, TX
Harris Foot and Ankle Institute - "Where our bedside manner is innate, and not mocked".
A bunion is an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe (metatarsophalangeal joint).The big toe (hallux) may turn in toward the second toe (angulation), and the tissues surrounding the joint may be swollen and tender.
The term is used to refer to the pathological bump on the side of the great toe joint. The bump is partly due to the swollen bursal sac and/or an osseous (bony) anomaly on the metatarsalphalangeal joint (where the first metatarsal bone and hallux meet). The larger part of the bump is a normal part of the head of first metatarsal bone that has tilted sideways to stick out at its top=Foot Pain. Bunions are very common. Generally, they are secondary to genetics and biomechanics. They can be asymptomatic or cause severe foot pain. Bunions can be found in all ages. Children with juvenile bunions should be seen by their podiatrist. Here at HFAI, Dr. Harris has performed several hundreds of bunion surgery with over 90% having very minimal pain post-operatively. You are able to walk the next day and work the next week in Flower Mound. Bunions!.Surgeries are performed on Thursdays.
A callus (or callosity) is an especially toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation. Rubbing that is too frequent or forceful will cause blisters rather than allow calluses to form. Since repeated contact is required, calluses are most often found on feet because of frequent walking. Calluses are generally not harmful, but may sometimes lead to other problems, such as skin ulceration or infection=Foot Pain. Some callus can been located at the heel area causing heel pain. Proper preventative measures can be taken to prohibit this heel pain and callus in foot pain in Flower Mound.
A corn is a specially-shaped callus of dead skin that usually occurs on thin or glabrous (hairless and smooth) skin surfaces, especially on the dorsal surface of toes or fingers. They can sometimes occur on the thicker palmar or plantar skin surfaces. Corns form when the pressure point against the skin traces an elliptical or semi-elliptical path during the rubbing motion, the center of which is at the point of pressure, gradually widening. If there is constant stimulation of the tissue producing the corns, even after the corn is surgically removed, the skin may continue to grow as a corn. Corns, like callus, is an adaptive change the body provides which causes foot pain even though it is a protective mechanism.
Hammer toes:
A hammer toe is a deformity of the proximalinterphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer. Mallet toe is a similar condition affecting the distal interphalangeal joint. Hammer Toes and mallet toes are treated conservatively and surgically. Hammer toes are generally acquired, but genetics can definitely predispose certain individuals to acquire them easier than others causing foot pain in Flower Mound.
Plantar Fasciitis: 
 Plantar fasciitis is a painful inflammatory process of the plantar fascia. Longstanding cases of plantar fasciitis often demonstrate more degenerative changes than inflammatory changes, in which case they are termed plantar fasciosis. The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous band of connective tissue originating on the bottom surface of the calcaneus (heel bone) and extending along the sole of the foot towards the five toes. It has been reported that plantar fasciitis occurs in two million Americans a year and 10% of the population over a lifetime.  See heel pain below. The heel pain is generally located inside bottom of the foot. Heel pain is generally found at the first step in the morning. Dr. Harris will simplify the cause and solution of this very common condition to cause heel pain in Flower Mound.
Heel pain:
The most common form of heel pain is pain on the bottom of the heel. It tends to occur for no apparent reason and is often worse when first placing weight on the foot. Patients often complain of heel pain the first thing in the morning or after getting up to stand after sitting. The heel pain can be a sharp, searing heel pain or present as a tearing feeling in the bottom of the heel. As the condition progresses there may be a throbbing heel pain after getting off your feet or there may be soreness that radiates up the back of the leg. Heel Pain may also radiate into the arch of the foot. There are alternative causes of heel pain; see peripheral neuropathy or nerve entrapment. Heel pain should be assessed by your podiatrist to make sure that the cause of the heel pain is not a STRESS FRACTURE which can occur without any known particular trauma, but actually occur with microtrauma such as exercise or standing for work throughout the day with heel pain in Flower Mound.
Ingrown Nails: 
Ingrown toenails are due to the penetration of the edges of the nail plate into the soft tissue of the toe. It begins with a painful irritation that often becomes infected. With bacterial invasion, the nail margin becomes red and swollen often demonstrating drainage or pus. In people who have diabetes or poor circulation, this relatively minor problem can be become quite severe. In this instance, a simple ingrown toenail can result in gangrene of the toe. Patients with joint replacements or pace makers are at risk of bacterial spread through the blood stream resulting in the spread of infection to these sites. These patients should seek medical attention at the earliest sign of an ingrown toenail. There are several causes of ingrown toenails: a hereditary tendency to form ingrown toenails, improperly cutting the toenails either too short or cutting into the side of the nail, and ill-fitting shoes can cause them. Children will often develop ingrown toenails as a result of pealing or tearing their toenails off instead of trimming them with a nail clipper. Once an ingrown toenail starts, they will often reoccur. Many people perform "bathroom" surgery to cut the nail margin out only to have it reoccur months later as the nail grows out. Ingrown nails in Flower Mound.
Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy:
People with diabetes have an abnormal elevation of their blood sugar, and lack adequate insulin to metabolize the blood sugar. As a consequence, the blood glucose (sugar) abnormally enters certain nerve tissue and damages the nerve. This can occur in any type of diabetes. It does not matter if the patient is on insulin, is taking pills, or is diet controlled. The nerve damage that occurs is considered to be permanent.
As the nerve damage occurs, the protective sensations are affected. These include a person's ability to determine the difference between sharp and dull, hot and cold, pressure differences, and vibration. These senses become dulled and/or altered. The process begins as a burning sensation in the toes and progresses up the foot in a ""stocking distribution"". As the condition progresses, the feet become more and more numb. Some people will feel as though a pair of socks on their feet, when in fact they do not. Other patients will describe the feeling of walking on cotton, or a water-filled cushion. Some patients complain of their feet burn at night, making it difficult to sleep. The feet may also feel like they are cold, however, to the touch, they have normal skin temperature. The progression of the condition can be slowed or halted by maintaining normal blood glucose levels.  HFAI offer special nonivasive treatment for Peripheral Neuropathy. Can cause heel pain in Flower Mound.